The Sans-Culottes by Albert Soboul, Remy Inglis Hall

By Albert Soboul, Remy Inglis Hall

A phenomenon of the pre-industrial age, the Sans-Culottes--master craftsmen, shopkeepers, small retailers, household servants--were as antagonistic to the information of capitalist bourgeoisie as they have been to these of the ancien regime which used to be overthrown within the first years of the Revolution. here's a specified portrait of who those humans have been and a sympathetic account in their second in history.

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The Sans-Culottes

A phenomenon of the pre-industrial age, the Sans-Culottes--master craftsmen, shopkeepers, small retailers, household servants--were as adversarial to the guidelines of capitalist bourgeoisie as they have been to these of the ancien regime which was once overthrown within the first years of the Revolution. here's a designated portrait of who those humans have been and a sympathetic account in their second in background.

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In some ways ( Chesneaux stressed it when he said it had a moral goal), pillage corresponded to the fundamental egalitarianism of the sans-culottes: individual action was legitimated by the inequality of living conditions. Beyond the offensive remarks or the exhortation to pillage, Terrorist exaltation and the desire for punitive meaSures show the deep-rooted hostility of the sans-culottes toward the commercial bourgeoisie. Many militants considered the threat of the guillotine in times of shortages an excellent remedy.

The economic crisis and political struggles intensified this inherent antagonism among the sans. culottes. Scarcity and high prices spiraled, and every merchant was soon suspect of being a monopolist or a shark. The struggle against the Cirondins and subsequently, after May 31, against the moderates, was often, at least on the sectional level, turned into a struggle against the merchant bourgeoisie. The sans-culottes were insistent upon taxation and controls, and the conflict deepened; to the extent that they defended freedom of enterprise, the merchants became suspect.

Invalides section. Fontaine-de-Grenelle section. Quatre-Nations section; renamed Unite (April 1793-year iv) . Theatre-Franr;ais section; renamed Marseille (August 1792-August 1793); became Marseille-etMarat (August 1793-Pluviose, year n); became Marat section (Pluviose, year u-22 Pluviose, year m); restored to Theatre-Franr;ais ( 22 Pluviose, year m-year 1v). Croix-Rouge section; renamed Bonnet-Rouge ( October 3, 1793-Germinal, year m); renamed Bonnet-de-la-Liberte ( Germinal-Prairial, year m); became Ouest section (Prairial, year m-year 1v).

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