By Professor Hussein Kassim;Dr Handley Stevens
Air shipping and the ecu Union investigates the emergence of the european as an important coverage actor in aviation and examines how Europeanization has reworked the governance, association and constitution of the field because the mid-1980s. It addresses the query of the way, while an in depth regulatory procedure already existed, the ecu used to be in a position to determine its personal policy-making competence and to override the needs of the bulk or member states against ecu involvement.
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Additional info for Air Transport and the European Union: Europeanization and its Limits (Palgrave Studies in European Union Politics)
27 Originally used to automate passenger seat reservation and ticketing processes, they were From Chicago to ‘Open Skies’ 35 expanded when trunk carriers moved beyond their traditional routes and were no longer able to rely on their pre-existing network of sales offices to sell seats. The new systems with vast data storage capacities and the ability to record changes in real-time enabled airlines to market and distribute their products more effectively. The second innovation was the introduction of loyalty or frequent flyer programmes (FFPs).
Within the traditional framework, the state occupied a central position, determining the terms on which airlines serve points within its territory and the organization of its domestic market. Historically, governments accorded aviation special treatment on account of the importance of the political, social and economic roles it played in providing links within the state and between the state and the rest of the world (Balfour 1994, p. 1026). It was often observed of air transport that ‘no other world-wide economic activity of comparable magnitude [was] more thoroughly regulated, less free of official restraint and guidance’ (Lissitzyn 1968, cited in Button and Swann 1991, p.
This chapter examines why states and flag carriers were so wedded to the traditional system. It shows why a majority opposed both liberalization and Community intervention. The origins and development of European aviation ‘Until the outbreak of World War I,’ according to one classic work, ‘the aeroplane was regarded by most authorities … as of potential use only for sporting or military purposes’ (Davies 1964, p. 3 With high operating costs and an exiguous clientele, however, civil aviation depended on government subsidy.