A Popular Dictionary of Hinduism (Popular Dictionaries of by Karel Werner

By Karel Werner

A multi-purpose reference paintings which may still develop into an critical spouse for anyone who comes into contact with Hinduism. incorporates a dictionary of Sanskrit and vernacular phrases; a thesaurus of phrases and ideas; and a survey of the historic improvement of Hinduism.

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It stressed INTRODUCTION 33 the unity of God, rejected priesthood, sacrifices, representations of God, the caste system and the teaching of reincarnation. Sen and it survives as a relatively small but progressive sect mainly in West Bengal. one of the most important belonging to the White YV, pre-Buddhist, ascribed to Yājñavalkya. C. ) a title or a designation for a man, in early Buddhist sources described as prince Siddhattha Gotama of the Sakya clan, who reached enlightenment and became the teacher of ‘gods and men’, showing them the way out from the chain of lives in to the final state of liberation called (Pl.

Dance (, vern. nāc) is believed to have originated with Śiva and his , the cosmic dance of destruction and renewal. His wife Pārvatī complemented it with a seductive feminine dance (lāsya). This indicates the religious origin of dance which in reality probably developed from ceremonial steps and movements of priests and their attendants during the sacrificial ritual and was subsequently transformed into temple dancing performed by devadāsis to please gods and pilgrims. This practice was current in some temples, especially in South India, until well into the nineteenth century, although it suffered limitations under Islamic rulers when court and secular dancing was more favoured and the dancing profession acquired a dubious reputation (cf.

Surrender to God’, often interpreted as ‘self-surrender’); (3) āsana (posture); (4) (control of the life force, through breath-control); (5) pratyāhāra (sense withdrawal); (6) (concentration); (7) dhyāna (meditation); and (8) samādhi (unification). C. from older materials, much of them stemming from the tradition of the Vrātyas, who had not previously followed the Vedic tradition. g. the use of the term brahman to denote the highest reality and it was therefore sometimes referred to as Brahma Veda.

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