A History of Religious Ideas, Volume 2: From Gautama Buddha by Mircea Eliade

By Mircea Eliade

Publish yr note: initially released in French below the identify Histoire des croyances et des idees religieuses. Vol. 2: De Gautama Bouddha au triomphe du christianisme Payot, Paris, 1978. First released in english in 1982

In quantity 2 of this enormous paintings, Mircea Eliade maintains his magisterial growth during the historical past of spiritual principles. The religions of historic China, Brahmanism and Hinduism, Buddha and his contemporaries, Roman faith, Celtic and German religions, Judaism, the Hellenistic interval, the Iranian syntheses, and the delivery of Christianity—all are encompassed during this quantity.

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Extra resources for A History of Religious Ideas, Volume 2: From Gautama Buddha to the Triumph of Christianity

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5, pt. 2, p. 12. 95. Needham, p. 13. 96. Edouard Chavannes, Les memoires historiques de Sse-ma-Ts'ien, vol. 3, p. 479. 97. , p. 465. 98. The search for the Immortals living in the distant islands occupied the The Taoists and alchemy 39 The search for gold also implied a spiritual quest. Gold possessed an imperial character: it was found at the "center of the earth" and was mystically related to chile (realgar or sulphur), yellow mercury, and the future life (the "Yellow Springs"). It is thus presented in a text of ca.

See, inter alia, A. C. Graham, The Book of Lieh-tzu, pp. , and Herrlee G. , pp. 1-24. 80. The most important are Maspero, Granet, Kaltenmark, and Schipper. See the discussion of these two positions in Norman Girardot, "Part of the Way," pp. 320-24. 81. On the relations among wings, down, magical flight, and Taoism, see Kaltenmark, Le Lie-sien Tchouan, pp. 12 ff. It is known that feathers are one 34 THE RELIGIONS OF ANCIENT CHINA formula for the Master's final apotheosis. A second category comprised the adepts who lived for centuries in a sort of earthly paradise: the Wonderful Islands or the Sacred Mountain, K'unWn.

However, the holy man hopes to withdraw from the universal rhythm of life and death; by realizing emptiness in his own being, he places himself outside the circuit. As Lao Tzu expresses it, "there is no place in him [in the holy man] for death" (50. 13). "He who is supplied with a plenitude of Te is comparable to a newborn infant" (55. 1). The Taoists are acquainted with several techniques for prolonging life indefinitely 68. See Eliade, The Two and the One, pp. 78 ff. 69. This is, of course, a common idea, shared by all traditional societies: perfection belongs to the beginning of the (cosmic or "historical") cycle, and "decadence" soon makes itself felt.

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