A Challenge to Social Security. The Changing Roles of Women by Richard V. Burkhauser

By Richard V. Burkhauser

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Extra resources for A Challenge to Social Security. The Changing Roles of Women and Men in American Society

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However, this tax provision has continued to be a matter of contention. It imposes high marginal tax rates on wives' earnings, and this has led some women's advocates to argue for an end to the community-property provision. These persons want the option to file combined or separate income tax returns without penalty. It seems anomalous that there is a movement to end the community-property provision at a time when earnings sharing is proposed for OASI purposes. Homemaker credits have no precedent, although there is some similar'Francis P.

King documents that most plans do not permit collection of death benefits prior to the time at which the 16 worker would have retired. The courts in community-property states have consistently ruled that vested pension benefits are accessible to the divorced spouse of the worker. The community-property method of income taxation, which was adopted in 1948, is a precedent for earnings sharing. However, this tax provision has continued to be a matter of contention. It imposes high marginal tax rates on wives' earnings, and this has led some women's advocates to argue for an end to the community-property provision.

We noted earlier that OASI benefits go not only to the contributing worker but also to his or her dependents. The family benefits are also often justified as encouraging people to marry (and remarry) and to have children. In the case of a marriage broken by the death of a working man, such benefits may make it possible for the widow to keep the children rather than give them up for adoption. Similar incentives for marriage and family unity are found in the several versions of property law reviewed above.

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